Black Soil

Black Soil

Black soils is also known as the ‘Regur Soil’ or the ‘Black Cotton Soil’.

Location

  • They cover the plateaus of Maharashtra, Saurashtra, Malwa, Madhya Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and some parts of Tamilnadu and extend in the south-east direction along the Godavari and the Krishna valleys.
  • In the upper reaches of the Godavari and the Krishna, and the north western part of the Deccan Plateau, the black soil is very deep.

Type

  • The black soils are generally clayey, deep and impermeable.
  • Deccan plateau and is made up of lava flows.
  • The black soils are made up of clayey soil, well-known for their capacity to hold moisture. Because of their high clay content, black soils develop wide cracks during the dry season

Nature

  • They are rich in soil nutrients, such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash and lime.
  • But they lack in phosphorous, nitrogen and organic matter.
  • They are poor in humus yet highly moisture-retentive, thus responding well to irrigation.
  • The colour of the soil ranges from deep black to grey.

Crops

Cotton, citrus fruits, wheat, jowar, millets, Linseed, castor, tobacco, sugarcane, safflower, and vegetable.

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