* A verb is a word that expresses a Physical, Mental, and, state of being.

* A Verb is a word that states something about a verb person or a thing.

Ranjeet walks in the morning. (A usual action) – {walk is the main verb}

Sahil is going to school. (A condition of action) – {is– auxiliary verb; going – Main Verb}

Puja is a good girl. (A state of being) – (is – auxiliary verb)

Kinds of verb

Kinds of Verb

Main Verbs

  • Transitive
  • Intransitive

Auxiliary Verb

  • Primary
  • Modal

Transitive verb – A verb that requires an object after it to complete its sense is called a Transitive verb.

1. The man killed a snake.

2. The boy opened the window.

3. Manish made a ball.

(verbs – killed, opened, made and; objects – a snake, the window, a doll respectively.)

Verbs used in the above examples depend on objects to describe.

Intransitive Verb – A verb that does not require an object to complete its sense, but makes good sense by itself, is called an intransitive verb.  

1. The man died.

2. The sun shines.

3. The girl smiled.

To make a complete meaningful sentence here the Verbs – died, smiled, shines does not require any objects.

Primary Verb

The verb used in a sentence as the main verb in form of (V1, V2, V3, V4, and V5)

Modal Verb

Examples – can, may, will, shall, must, ought

used as both past and present tense.

could, should, would, might Use of modal verbs:

Modal verbs are used to express functions such as:

1. Permission

2. Ability

3. Obligation

4. Prohibition

5. Lack of necessity

6. Advice

7. Possibility

8. Probability

Examples of modal verbs

Modal VerbExpressingExample
mustStrong obligationYou must stop when the traffic lights turn red.
logical conclusion / CertaintyHe must be very tired. He’s been working all day long.
must notprohibitionYou must not smoke in the hospital.
canabilityI can swim.
permissionCan I use your phone please?
possibilitySmoking can cause cancer.
couldability in the pastWhen I was younger, I could run fast.
polite permissionExcuse me, could I just say something?
possibilityIt could rain tomorrow!
maypermissionMay I use your phone please?
possibility, probabilityIt may rain tomorrow!
mightpolite permissionMight I suggest an idea?
possibility, probabilityI might go on holiday to Australia next year.
need notlack of necessity/absence of obligationI need not buy tomatoes. There are plenty of tomatoes in the fridge.
should/ought to50 % obligationI should / ought to see a doctor. I have a terrible headache.
adviceYou should / ought to revise your lessons
logical conclusionHe should / ought to be very tired. He’s been working all day long.
had betteradviceYou ‘d better revise your lessons
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