Ports in India

Ports of India

5 April is celebrated as National Maritime Day in India.

In November 2020, the Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi renamed the Ministry of Shipping the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways.

13 major ports (12 Government-Owned and 1 Private owned).

More than 200 ports were minor.

Kamarajar Port, the 12th major port in India.

The ports were declared major ports under the Indian Ports Act, 1908.

The largest port in the Arabian Sea – Nhava Sheva Port (Maharashtra)

The largest port in the Bay of Bengal – is Chennai Port (Tamil Nadu)

Mundra Port is a Major private-owned port in India managed by Adani Group.

No.PortLocationFacts
1Deendayal Port TrustGujaratIt is the largest port in India by volume of cargo handled. After the partition of India from Pakistan left the port of Karachi in Pakistan.
2Paradip Port TrustOdishaNatural Port Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha.Location confluence of the Mahanadi River and the Bay of Bengal.  
3Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust or Nhava Sheva Port Trust Maharashtra (Navi Mumbai)Largest Container Port of India. It is located on the eastern shore of Mumbai harbor off Elephanta Island.
4Visakhapatnam Port TrustAndhra PradeshIt is known for handling the bulk of Cargo on the east coast.
5Mumbai Port TrustMaharashtra (West Mumbai)India’s Largest natural port.The busiest port in India.
6Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Port Trust or Kolkata PortWest Bengal (Kolkata)An only riverine major port in India.
7Chennai Port TrustTamil Nadu (Chennai)It is the largest port in the Bay of Bengal secondnd largest port of India after JNPT. It is the largest port on the east coast.
8New Mangaluru Port Trust or Panambur port trustKarnataka (Mangalore)Location – Panambur in Karnataka at Gurupura river confluence with the Arabian Sea.
9V.O. Chidambaram Port Trust or Tuticorin PortTamil NaduIt is located in the Gulf of Mannar.
10Cochin Port TrustKeralaThe port is called the natural gateway to South-West India.
11Kamarajar Port Trust Or Ennore PortTamil Nadu  
12Mormugao Port TrustGoa (South Goa)The earliest port of India Mormugao Port is the leading port in exporting iron ore.
13Port BlairAndaman and Nicobar Islandthe youngest major port of India declared in 2010.
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