Ports of India
5 April is celebrated as National Maritime Day in India.
In November 2020, the Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi renamed the Ministry of Shipping the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways.
13 major ports (12 Government-Owned and 1 Private owned).
More than 200 ports were minor.
Kamarajar Port, the 12th major port in India.
The ports were declared major ports under the Indian Ports Act, 1908.
The largest port in the Arabian Sea – Nhava Sheva Port (Maharashtra)
The largest port in the Bay of Bengal – is Chennai Port (Tamil Nadu)
Mundra Port is a Major private-owned port in India managed by Adani Group.
|1||Deendayal Port Trust||Gujarat||It is the largest port in India by volume of cargo handled. After the partition of India from Pakistan left the port of Karachi in Pakistan.|
|2||Paradip Port Trust||Odisha||Natural Port Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha.Location confluence of the Mahanadi River and the Bay of Bengal.|
|3||Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust or Nhava Sheva Port Trust||Maharashtra (Navi Mumbai)||Largest Container Port of India. It is located on the eastern shore of Mumbai harbor off Elephanta Island.|
|4||Visakhapatnam Port Trust||Andhra Pradesh||It is known for handling the bulk of Cargo on the east coast.|
|5||Mumbai Port Trust||Maharashtra (West Mumbai)||India’s Largest natural port.The busiest port in India.|
|6||Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Port Trust or Kolkata Port||West Bengal (Kolkata)||An only riverine major port in India.|
|7||Chennai Port Trust||Tamil Nadu (Chennai)||It is the largest port in the Bay of Bengal secondnd largest port of India after JNPT. It is the largest port on the east coast.|
|8||New Mangaluru Port Trust or Panambur port trust||Karnataka (Mangalore)||Location – Panambur in Karnataka at Gurupura river confluence with the Arabian Sea.|
|9||V.O. Chidambaram Port Trust or Tuticorin Port||Tamil Nadu||It is located in the Gulf of Mannar.|
|10||Cochin Port Trust||Kerala||The port is called the natural gateway to South-West India.|
|11||Kamarajar Port Trust Or Ennore Port||Tamil Nadu|
|12||Mormugao Port Trust||Goa (South Goa)||The earliest port of India Mormugao Port is the leading port in exporting iron ore.|
|13||Port Blair||Andaman and Nicobar Island||the youngest major port of India declared in 2010.|